Parent’s guide: healthy eating



We’re taking a short break from discussing the nursery curriculum to celebrate Healthy Eating Week with this all you need to know guide to early years healthy eating!


Feeding children is in theory a simple task but this is not the reality for many parents.


Parents may struggle on ensuring their little one is eating the right foods, this is due to a range of reasons, here are just a few:

· the messaging on what children should be eating is mixed,

· some children are fussy

· lots of families (especially at the moment) face issues around funds and accessibility to various foods.


We don’t have a quick fix for any of these issues but we’re here to help – giving you information on nutrition and eating in early childhood, tips for mealtimes, books to help your little one understand more about healthy eating and finally some recipe resources.



Let’s start things off with some important information on food in early childhood:


· Focus on nutrients

Did you know that some young children who are overweight are actually undernourished?

This can happen when the foods they eat are not high enough in vitamins and minerals like iron and calcium.


Nutrients are vital in early years since children need support for all the growth and development that is taking place.


· Learning is key

It might sound strange but your little one needs to learn long-term healthy habits early on. This includes learning to sit and focus on what they’re eating, which will allow them to recognise which food and how much they should be eating.


· Water

Milk (or fortified vegan alternative) is important in children’s diets but during meals and when out and about it's recommended children drink water.


Water is needed to help digestion and to avoid constipation, whilst other juices and flavoured waters can cause dental decay.


· Size

It can be easy to forget that children’s stomach calorie requirements and capacity are much lower than our own.


A 2-year-old enjoying a glass of juice and a chocolate bar can account for nearly a 1/4 of their daily calorie intake – potentially not leaving them enough space for nutrient-rich foods they need.


· Veggies

Children should learn to love veggies! Veg should be introduced to children early on in a positive way as they are an important source of many vitamins and minerals.



Now onto 5 tips to make mealtimes better


1. Variety

Research suggests that we eat more when there is variety. This means your little one is more likely to eat their veggies if you provide many small portions of different things!


2. Get them involved

The more your little one is involved in the cooking and prep of their meal, the more excited they will be about it.

You can find out more about cooking with your little one by clicking here.


3. Lead by example

Children are sponges. Your actions and attitudes towards food will influence your little one perhaps more than you realise. Do you enjoy eating veggies? Do you sit down to eat? Are your snacking habits positive?


4. Easier to eat when you’re hungry

This one seems pretty obvious and well, it is… Children are more likely to try new foods when they are hungry.


Is your little one snacking more than they should be or are they eating portions that are too big? If your child is not hungry at dinner time have a think about what changes you can implement to change this.


5. Learn more about portion sizes

Many parents aren’t sure how much their child should be eating. This can lead to unrealistic standards being set for finishing meals and lead to excessive weight gain.


If you’re unsure about portion sizes click here for a handy guide for children 1-4 years old.



Some common issues you might encounter


Your little one isn’t drinking water

If your little one isn’t getting into the habit, start off by being the role model! Drink plenty of water when you’re with your child, particularly at mealtimes.


Also, be sure to make this accessible - place a jug on the table and allow them to pour this themselves.


Your little one won’t eat main but can’t wait for dessert

If puddings are causing tension at mealtimes, then consider getting rid of them (or limit to once or twice a week) – provide a small starter as an additional course instead.


If you’re concerned...

If you feel your child’s diet is too limited or are worried about their weight, don’t hesitate to seek help.


Speak to your nursery manager, health visitor or GP, they will be able to offer advice and help you implement an action plan.


Resources


Some children’s books to help your little one better understand healthy eating

Every Night Is Pizza Night


Click here to view it on Amazon.

Rah, Rah, Radishes!: A Vegetable Chant


Click here to view it on Amazon.

Good Enough to Eat: A Kid's Guide to Food and Nutrition


Click here to view it on Amazon.

I Will Not Ever Never Eat a Tomato


Click here to view it on Amazon


Links to recipes to inspire you – all healthy and lots of budget options


Yummy Toddler Food - Toddler lunch ideas


Modern Parents Messy Kids - 30 dinner ideas for preschoolers


BBC Good Food - Family meals, desserts, snacks and more


Momables - Preschool lunch ideas for picky eaters